When a person has high blood pressure, his or her heart has to do more work. This leads to the heart muscle becoming thicker, which is also called hypertrophic. A severe version of this condition of the heart is known as left ventricular hypertrophy. According to various studies, about 20% of people with high blood pressure have it.
This condition can lead to a heart attack or heart failure because as the muscles of the heart become thicker, they also gradually lose their elasticity, which, in turns, leads to a reduced amount of blood getting into and out of the heart.
Symptoms of hypertrophy include irregular heartbeat, short breath, and pains in the chest.
Doctors would usually use an electrocardiogram to diagnose this condition.
Arteriosclerosis occurs when an artery becomes narrow because of cholesterol deposits. Next, a plaque develops and prevents the natural flow of blood. When this happens, the heart needs to work harder to get the blood through the vessels.
If the arteries stay blocked, the heart may need more nutrients. If it is not getting sufficient nutrients, it may fail or stop. This condition is known as coronary artery disease.
Doctors have found this disease in people who were 25 years old and even younger. If you lead an active lifestyle, don’t smoke and eat a healthy diet, you are very unlikely to develop this condition. While a family history is a factor, you can minimize your risks by controlling the factors that have a direct impact on the condition.
Coronary artery disease can also cause sudden death. About 25% of people who get the disease die suddenly because of it. About 20% of patients who develop the condition die before they are able to get to the hospital because their hearts start beating irregularly. The remaining 55% of patients do make it to the hospital and undergo a surgery.